Aug. 13, 2008
Online jewelry retailer Tiffany has appealed a court ruling that eBay isn't responsible
for keeping its users from selling fake jewelry that uses Tiffany's trademark. Tiffany, one of
the world's most recognizable brands in the jewelry sector, filed its lawsuit against eBay
more than four years ago, claiming that most of the items bearing the Tiffany name on the eBay
site were fakes.
In July, Judge Richard Sullivan of the Federal District Court in Manhattan ruled that
Internet companies like eBay don't have to monitor their sites for trademarked or copyrighted
property in any way.
The reasons for Tiffany's appeal are straightforward, said James Swire, a partner at the law
firm representing the online retailer, Arnold & Porter.
Swire said "Tiffany has since appealed Sullivan's ruling in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
"There were a number of errors of law in the decision which led to the erroneous conclusion dismissing
the complaint in the action. Those errors include the failure of the court to recognize that the prime
purpose of the trademark act is to protect consumers and trademark owners. There was no weight given
to that well-established principle."
"In fact, the court misunderstood the duties Tiffany has as a brand owner in terms of the jeweler's
trademark policing activities," Swire added.
"Tiffany met its duty to police its trademark by suing eBay. We're not aware of any additional
obligation Tiffany has to assist eBay, which has its own independent obligations under the law.
Once eBay has notice of a substantial problem, it has a duty to investigate and take action," Swire
Prior to filing its lawsuit against eBay, Tiffany implemented two buying programs where it
purchased so-called genuine Tiffany merchandise on eBay. About 75 percent of those pieces turned
out to be counterfeit, Swire said.
In appealing Sullivan's ruling, Tiffany is trying to protect the company's reputation for
quality and genuine jewels, he said. "The risk of buying counterfeit items is higher in an Internet
setting when the goods are not in front of the buyer and the seller is unknown," Swire said.
He added "while the Internet has facilitated the sale of lots of merchandise in a very positive
way, when fraudsters get involved, there's a risk that they can damage the buyer and the legitimate
Tiffany's decision to appeal will not solve the ongoing counterfeiting problem on Internet retail
sites, said Catherine England, an eBay spokesperson. "Tiffany's decision to carry this litigation on
after the District Court's decision doesn't do anything to combat counterfeiting. The best way to
stop counterfeiting is ongoing collaboration between companies, government agencies and law
enforcement," said England.
This article was featured on Business 5.0.
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